By learning how the body fights against disease and infection, researchers are designing better treatments and vaccines. They are also learning how to circumvent the body’s response to foreign tissue transplants and how to harness the power of “good” vs. “bad” bacteria.
Cancer Immunotherapies: From Magic Bullets to Super T Cells
Posted on: July 11, 2018
Cancer Immunotherapies: From Magic Bullets to Super T Cells - Immunotherapy encompasses multiple approaches, including harnessing or enhancing immune cells, hormones, and other weapons of the immune system to destroy tumor cells, as well as releasing the brakes on the immune response that tumors trigger. This new article takes the reader on a journey from the origins of using toxins to prime the body’s immune system to attack tumors through today’s advances that genetically alter immune cells to fight cancer. Download the PDF or listen to the podcast below.
‘Breakthroughs in Bioscience’ explores the origins of vaccines
Posted on: September 30, 2015
Vaccines: Essential Weapons in the Fight Against Disease - Just a generation ago, one out of five children in the United States died before reaching adulthood. Repeated epidemics swept through the world, killing as many as one-quarter of the population. Today, that frightening world no longer exists because of tremendous progress made in vaccine development and use. Vaccines save 2.5 million lives globally every year—the equivalent of preventing 7,000 deaths each day. Download the PDF or listen to the podcast below:
The Human Microbiome: Your Own Personal Ecosystem
Posted on: March 24, 2015
The Human Microbiome: Your Own Personal Ecosystem - For more than three hundred years, scientists have observed, identified, and implicated individual microorganisms in specific diseases. More recently, with a convergence of scientific disciplines, an explosion in technical capabilities and revolutionary new ways of thinking, we are exploring the organisms with which we share our bodies. The effects of these organisms—our microbiome—on our health are only just being recognized. Download the PDF or listen to the podcast below:
FASEB Releases New Breakthroughs in Bioscience Article Titled "Conquering Pain and Infection With Drugs From Nature's Medicine Cabinet"
Posted on: July 12, 2012
Conquering Pain and Infection with Drugs from Nature's Medicine Cabinet - Seventy percent of our drugs for pain and infection are either derived from or inspired by natural products of rainforests and other ecosystems. These medicinal compounds have dramatically improved quality of life and significantly extended the human lifespan. Through decades of basic research to identify new drugs and unravel the underlying mechanisms of action, researchers are developing newer, more powerful therapies. Download the PDF or listen to the podcast below:
FASEB Breakthroughs In Bioscience Describes Development Of Monoclonal Antibody Therapies
Posted on: January 21, 2010
Magic Bullets and Monoclonals: An Antibody Tale - Nearly a century of basic discovery in immunology, cell biology, and cancer biology contributed to today's remarkable monoclonal antibody therapies, which are produced through human-mouse cell hybrids. Read more...
Viruses, Cancer, Warts and All: The HPV Vaccine for Cervical Cancer
Posted on: June 15, 2008
Viruses, Cancer, Warts and All: The HPV Vaccine for Cervical Cancer - The understanding that human papillomavirus (HPV) could cause cervical cancer was the result of decades of fundamental research on wart- and cancer-causing viruses, including the virus from which the legend of the jackalope arose, as well as the study of cervical histology. Read more...
Finding Chinks in the Viral Armor: Influenza, AIDS and Antiviral Therapies
Posted on: March 15, 2005
Finding Chinks in the Viral Armor: Influenza, AIDS and Antiviral Therapies - New concerns over a global pandemic of avian influenza, similar to that occurring in 1918 are leading to preventative elimination of poultry stocks in Asia. But thanks to scientists studying the fundamentals of how viruses work and how they are structured we now have the tools to combat viruses that cause influenza, polio, AIDS and other viral diseases. Read more...
Transplantation: The Challenging Road Ahead
Posted on: January 15, 2001
Transplantation: The Challenging Road Ahead - Using experiments involving mice, scientists developed methods for re-educating the immune system to tolerate organ transplants. Additionally, rabbits serve as critical models for techniques related to corneal transplants, now a common place medical procedure. Read more...
Helicobacter pylori and Ulcers: A Paradigm Revised
Posted on: January 15, 2000
Helicobacter pylori and Ulcers: A Paradigm Revised - While investigating the relationship between the bacteria H. pylori and stomach ulcers, researchers were able to create mouse models of related gastrointestinal diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease or Crohn’s syndrome. These models offer a way for scientists and physicians to test potential new treatments, as well as assisting them in understanding the underlying biology of these devastating illnesses. Read more...