Peer Review for the Scholarly Society Publisher
Peer review, and an understanding of its role, is essential to distinguish good science from flawed science and mere conjecture.
Peer-Reviewed Journals: Background
The community of scientists has always shared its research findings with the world. Scientists, upon completing their research, would send their article to other experts in the field seeking feedback on their research results.
The reactions from these experts may or may not have been in agreement with the author. Questions raised by these “reviewers” ultimately forced the scientist to revisit the data or re-write the article, sometimes 2 or 3 times, before finding approval for the research. The reaction and feedback from other experts in the field improved the article, furthering the scholarship for all researchers in that field of study.
What the Scholarly Society Publisher provides is a consistent process specific to a journal for the submission, review, acceptance or rejection and ultimately, publication of the research.
- Without publication, it is as if the research does not exist.
- Without publication, there is no yardstick to measure productivity.
- Without publication, future research will not get funding.
- Publishing is vital to the success of research and ongoing scholarship.
Why Publish in a Peer-Reviewed Journal?
Peer-reviewed information is a trusted source. Researchers know that an article from a peerreviewed journal has been vetted by qualified scientists.
Other scientists will use a hypothesis or results from an article in a peer-reviewed journal to base their next research project; thus science corrects or checks itself.
Scientific communities turn to scholarly society publishers for peer-reviewed publication not only to disseminate their research findings but also to keep track of the scientific record. Many of the society publishers have been around for decades to provide review, publication and preservation of the scientific record through an archive of their published journals.
How Does Research Become a Peer-Reviewed Published Article?
Scientist completes research, prepares a manuscript, and submits the manuscript to a journal.
Editor assigns a panel of experts to review the manuscript and to provide recommendations.
The editor then renders a decision—Accept, Reject or Revise.
- If accepted, the manuscript is published.
- If rejected, the scientist (author) prepares a new manuscript or submits to another journal.
- If revision is requested, the author submits the revised manuscript to the journal.
Experts review the revised manuscript, and provide a recommendation. The editor issues the final decision.
If rejected, the scientist prepares a new manuscript or submits it to another journal. The process is then repeated.
- The scientist whose research is accepted by peers and presented to the scientific community-at-large.
- The community of scientists who review and learn from the research and provide their expert input through the peer-review process.
- The faculty member who teaches in that program of study.
- The student who studies the discipline.
- The world-at-large from advancements in health and science stemming from original scientific research.